What Are Types Of Communicable Diseases?

Is chlamydia a communicable disease?

Chlamydia is a contagious STD (sexually transmitted disease).

Chlamydia bacteria cause the most common STD in United States.

Approximately 3,000,000 women and men become infected every year..

What are the communicable diseases and their causes?

Infectious diseases can be caused by:Bacteria. These one-cell organisms are responsible for illnesses such as strep throat, urinary tract infections and tuberculosis.Viruses. Even smaller than bacteria, viruses cause a multitude of diseases ranging from the common cold to AIDS.Fungi. … Parasites.

What is the most common communicable disease?

The 5 Most Common Infectious DiseasesHepatitis B. According to current statistics, hepatitis B is the most common infectious disease in the world, affecting some 2 billion people — that’s more than one-quarter of the world’s population. … Malaria. … Hepatitis C. … Dengue. … Tuberculosis.

What is communicable disease?

“Communicable disease” means an illness caused by an infectious agent or its toxins that occurs through the direct or indirect transmission of the infectious agent or its products from an infected individual or via an animal, vector or the inanimate environment to a susceptible animal or human host.

Which disease is caused by virus?

Viruses are very tiny germs. They are made of genetic material inside of a protein coating. Viruses cause familiar infectious diseases such as the common cold, flu and warts. They also cause severe illnesses such as HIV/AIDS, Ebola, and COVID-19.

What are the 5 non communicable diseases?

The four main types of noncommunicable diseases include cardiovascular disease, cancer, chronic respiratory disease, and diabetes….Chronic respiratory diseasechronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)asthma.occupational lung diseases, such as black lung.pulmonary hypertension.cystic fibrosis.

What are three ways in which communicable diseases can be spread?

A communicable disease is one that is spread from one person to another through a variety of ways that include: contact with blood and bodily fluids; breathing in an airborne virus; or by being bitten by an insect.

What are the treatment of communicable diseases?

Use antibiotics only for infections caused by bacteria. Viral infections cannot be treated with antibiotics. Your doctor may prescribe an antiviral medication if your condition warrants it.

Is Ebola a communicable disease?

Ebola is contagious. The virus spreads through direct contact (via broken skin or mucous membranes, in the nose, mouth, or eyes). Blood or body fluids from infected individuals are capable of causing infection in others. Examples of body fluids include urine, saliva, sweat, feces, vomit, breast milk, and semen.

What are the four ways of controlling communicable diseases?

Learn these healthy habits to protect yourself from disease and prevent germs and infectious diseases from spreading.Handle & Prepare Food Safely. … Wash Hands Often. … Clean & Disinfect Commonly Used Surfaces. … Cough & Sneeze Into Your Sleeve. … Don’t Share Personal Items. … Get Vaccinated. … Avoid Touching Wild Animals.More items…

What carries Ebola?

Scientists do not know where Ebola virus comes from. However, based on the nature of similar viruses, they believe the virus is animal-borne, with bats or nonhuman primates with bats or nonhuman primates (chimpanzees, apes, monkeys, etc.) being the most likely source.

Is common cold is a communicable disease?

The common cold is contagious; it can be spread by air droplets from coughs and sneezes and by touching infected surfaces. It is contagious from 1–2 days before symptoms begin until the symptoms have stopped.

What are 3 causes of non communicable diseases?

Four main NCDs and their common risk factors. The four leading NCDs (cardiovascular diseases, cancer, respiratory diseases, and diabetes) share four risk factors: tobacco use, harmful use of alcohol, unhealthy diet, and physical inactivity.

What are the 4 types of communicable diseases?

Communicable diseasesInfluenza. Norovirus. Mumps. Tuberculosis.Pertussis. Zika virus. West Nile virus.Ebola. Chikungunya virus. Coronavirus (COVID-19)

What are examples of communicable diseases?

Some examples of reportable communicable disease include HIV, hepatitis A, B and C, measles, salmonella, measles, and blood-borne illnesses. Most common forms of spread include fecal-oral, food, sexual intercourse, insect bites, contact with contaminated fomites, droplets, or skin contact.

What are the classification of communicable diseases?

Communicable diseases may be classified according to the causative agent, the clinical illness caused, or the means of transmission. Often all three characteristics are used (e.g., food-borne Salmonella gastroenteritis). Causative agents include bacteria, viruses, and parasites.

What are the 10 communicable diseases?

List of Communicable DiseasesCRE.Ebola.Enterovirus D68.Flu.Hantavirus.Hepatitis A.Hepatitis B.HIV/AIDS.More items…

What are the 10 non communicable diseases?

Alzheimer’s Disease.Cancer.Epilepsy.Osteoarthritis.Osteoporosis.Cerebrovascular Disease (Stroke)Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)Coronary Artery Disease.More items…•

How can you prevent communicable diseases?

Decrease your risk of infecting yourself or others:Wash your hands often. … Get vaccinated. … Use antibiotics sensibly. … Stay at home if you have signs and symptoms of an infection. … Be smart about food preparation. … Disinfect the ‘hot zones’ in your residence. … Practice safer sex. … Don’t share personal items.More items…

What are the characteristics of communicable diseases?

Communicable diseases (sometimes grouped with infectious diseases) are diseases that are contagious, which means they can be spread from one person or species to another. They can be caused by viruses, bacteria, protozoa, or fungi.

How can you prevent viruses?

Apply recognised hygiene measuresAlways keep your hands clean. … Follow tips for Coughing and sneezing without contaminating.Avoid touching your nose, eyes and mouth with unwashed hands. … Avoid touching your nose, eyes and mouth. … Avoid contact with people that are sick as they may be contagious.More items…•

How do you control an outbreak?

What are outbreak control measures?Cleaning and disinfecting food facilities.Temporarily closing a restaurant or processing plant.Recalling food items.Telling the public how to make the food safe (such as cooking to a certain temperature) or to avoid it completely.More items…

Is a virus a communicable disease?

Communicable, or infectious diseases, are caused by microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, parasites and fungi that can be spread, directly or indirectly, from one person to another. Some are transmitted through bites from insects while others are caused by ingesting contaminated food or water.

Which is not a communicable disease?

A non-communicable disease (NCD) is a disease that is not transmissible directly from one person to another. NCDs include Parkinson’s disease, autoimmune diseases, strokes, most heart diseases, most cancers, diabetes, chronic kidney disease, osteoarthritis, osteoporosis, Alzheimer’s disease, cataracts, and others.

What are the 5 ways to prevent lifestyle diseases?

Here are the 5 Rules of Thumb that if maintained can actually prevent and cut down the risk of acquiring any lifestyle disease : Diet (less carbohydrate, more protein, less oil) : … Regular exercise: … Abstain from Substance Abuse: … Control weight: … Control Blood Pressure and Sugar:

What does communicable mean?

adjective. capable of being easily communicated or transmitted: communicable information; a communicable disease. talkative; communicative.