Quick Answer: How Many Flu Strains Are There?

What is Type A flu symptoms?

Influenza A symptomscoughing.runny or stuffy nose.sneezing.sore throat.fever.headache.fatigue.chills.More items….

How contagious is type A flu?

Most people with flu are contagious for about 1 day before they show symptoms. Older children and adults with flu appear to be most contagious during the initial 3-4 days of their illness but many remain contagious for about 7 days. Infants and people with weakened immune systems can be contagious for even longer.

How long is the flu B contagious?

When Flu Spreads Most healthy adults may be able to infect others beginning 1 day before symptoms develop and up to 5 to 7 days after becoming sick. Children and some people with weakened immune systems may pass the virus for longer than 7 days.

What flu is going around 2020?

“Nationally, flu activity has been elevated … and continues to increase; this represents somewhat of an early start to the U.S. flu season,” said Scott Pauley, a press officer for CDC. “Flu activity is currently being caused mostly by influenza B/Victoria viruses, followed by H1N1 viruses and H3N2 viruses.

Who gets the flu most often?

The same CID study found that children are most likely to get sick from flu and that people 65 and older are least likely to get sick from influenza. Median incidence values (or attack rate) by age group were 9.3% for children 0-17 years, 8.8% for adults 18-64 years, and 3.9% for adults 65 years and older.

What does h7n9 mean?

Avian influenza AAvian influenza A(H7N9) is a subtype of influenza viruses that have been detected in birds in the past.

How many type A flu viruses are there?

There are two main types of influenza (flu) virus: Types A and B. The influenza A and B viruses that routinely spread in people (human influenza viruses) are responsible for seasonal flu epidemics each year. Influenza A viruses can be broken down into sub-types depending on the genes that make up the surface proteins.

What are the stages of flu?

What to expect with the fluDays 1–3: Sudden appearance of fever, headache, muscle pain and weakness, dry cough, sore throat and sometimes a stuffy nose.Day 4: Fever and muscle aches decrease. Hoarse, dry or sore throat, cough and possible mild chest discomfort become more noticeable. … Day 8: Symptoms decrease.

How long does influenza A last 2020?

Most people who become sick will recover in a few days to less than two weeks, but some people may become more severely ill. Following flu infection, moderate complications such as secondary ear and sinus infections can occur.

How effective is this years flu shot 2020?

The vaccine must be changed each year, in hopes of matching the ever-mutating viruses. And that’s been a challenge. On average, it’s been 40% effective, meaning it’s prevented illness 40% of the time.

What viruses are going around now?

What’s Going Around?Bronchiolitis (and RSV) We are currently seeing cases of bronchiolitis, a viral illness (sometimes caused by RSV — “respiratory syncytial virus”) that occurs most often in children under age 2. … Colds and Upper Respiratory Infections. … Cough. … Croup. … Flu Season. … Pink Eye. … Strep Throat. … Upper Respiratory Infection.

What are the symptoms of influenza A and B?

Flu Symptomsfever* or feeling feverish/chills.cough.sore throat.runny or stuffy nose.muscle or body aches.headaches.fatigue (tiredness)some people may have vomiting and diarrhea, though this is more common in children than adults.

How many strains of flu are there 2019?

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), there are four types of flu viruses: influenza A, B, C, and D.

What do the H and N mean in flu?

Influenza A viruses are classified by subtypes based on the properties of their hemagglutinin (H) and neuraminidase (N) surface proteins. There are 18 different HA subtypes and 11 different NA subtypes. Subtypes are named by combining the H and N numbers – e.g., A(H1N1), A(H3N2).

Whats the difference between Flu A and Flu B?

Unlike type A flu viruses, type B flu is found only in humans. Type B flu may cause a less severe reaction than type A flu virus, but occasionally, type B flu can still be extremely harmful. Influenza type B viruses are not classified by subtype and do not cause pandemics.

What is the Type C flu?

Influenza C viruses are known to infect humans and pigs. Flu due to the Type C species is rare compared to Types B or A, but can be severe and can cause local epidemics. Type C has 7 RNA segments and encodes 9 proteins, while Types A and B have 8 RNA segments and encode at least 10 proteins.

Is Tamiflu worth taking?

If you’re in good health and come down with the flu, you don’t necessarily need Tamiflu or another antiviral medication, because you’ll most likely get better on your own within one to two weeks using self-care strategies, such as resting, getting plenty of fluids, and taking over-the-counter pain relievers for fever, …

How effective is the flu shot 2020?

CDC’s influenza vaccination coverage reports show that overall flu vaccination coverage (among people 6 months and older) during 2019-2020 increased from the previous season to nearly 52%.

How is flu B treated?

Several over-the-counter medications can help ease the symptoms of influenza. These are available from drug stores. In severe cases, a doctor may prescribe a course of antiviral drugs. Oseltamivir (Tamiflu) and zanamivir (Relenza) are drugs that doctors may use to treat type A or type B influenza.

What is worse flu A or B?

In the past, it was thought that infection with influenza A was more severe than infection with influenza B. However, a 2015 study in adults with influenza A and influenza B found they both resulted in similar rates of illness and death.