Quick Answer: How Does Congenital Heart Disease Affect Your Life?

Do congenital heart defects run in families?

Congenital heart defects sometimes run in families and may be associated with a genetic syndrome.

Many children with Down syndrome — which is caused by an extra 21st chromosome (trisomy 21) — have heart defects.

A missing piece (deletion) of genetic material on chromosome 22 also causes heart defects..

What increases the risk of congenital heart disease?

Commonly identified risk factors for CHD includes multivitamins and folic acid-deficient diet during pregnancy, maternal diabetes, febrile illnesses, consanguinity, systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in the mother, bad obstetric history (including previous history of abortions and stillbirths), advanced paternal/ …

Is congenital heart disease a disability?

If your child has a congenital heart defect, he or she may be eligible for Social Security disability benefits. The Social Security Administration (SSA) offers monthly financial aid for people of all ages who have serious conditions or illnesses.

How is congenital heart disease prevented?

Congenital heart disease is often impossible to prevent. Avoiding toxic exposures, such as drinking alcohol during pregnancy, prevents some CHD. Similarly, avoiding certain infections during pregnancy, such as rubella (preventable by immunization), can prevent some CHD.

How long can you live with congenital heart failure?

Some people whose CHF is discovered early and treated promptly and effectively can hope to have a nearly normal life expectancy. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) , around half of people diagnosed with CHF will survive beyond five years.

What heart problems are hereditary?

Many cardiac disorders can be inherited, including arrhythmias, congenital heart disease, cardiomyopathy, and high blood cholesterol. Coronary artery disease leading to heart attack, stroke, and heart failure can run in families, indicating inherited genetic risk factors.

Does congenital heart disease affect immune system?

Infants and young children, regardless of having any type of heart defect, can often have more severe courses of the flu, RSV, and other respiratory illnesses. This is mostly due to the relatively underdeveloped immune system as compared to an adult. Incidentally, the same is true for senior citizens as well.

Can you live a normal life with congenital heart disease?

As medical care and treatment have improved, babies and children with congenital heart defects (CHDs) are living longer and healthier lives. Most are now living into adulthood. Ongoing, appropriate medical care can help children and adults with a CHD live as healthy as possible.

What is the most common cause of congenital heart disease?

Genetic conditions Down’s syndrome is the most widely-known genetic condition that can cause congenital heart disease. Children with Down’s syndrome are born with a range of disabilities as the result of a genetic abnormality.

Is congenital heart disease the same as congenital heart defect?

The word “congenital” means existing at birth. The terms “congenital heart defect” and “congenital heart disease” are often used to mean the same thing, but “defect” is more accurate. This kind of heart ailment is a defect or abnormality, not a disease.

What age group is affected by congenital heart defects?

Approximately 2.4 million people were estimated to be living with a CHD in the United States in 2010. About 1 million of those were children under the age of 18 years and about 1.4 million were adults age 18 years and older. About 12% (289,000 people) were estimated to have a severe CHD.

Is heart disease inherited from mother or father?

One copy is inherited from your mother and one copy is inherited from your father. Genetic conditions are caused by a change (or mutation) in one or more genes passed from generation to generation. Most genetic heart conditions are inherited in an autosomal dominant pattern.

Can congenital heart disease be cured?

There is no cure for CHD. Many people have surgeries to repair their heart, however, they are not cured. There may be long-term effects of heart surgery, such as abnormal heartbeats. A cardiologist can often detect problems with your heart before you notice any symptoms.

Is congenital heart disease chronic?

Congenital heart disease is a chronic illness because, while it can often be well managed, it never goes away. Asthma, diabetes, and arthritis are other examples of chronic illness.

What are the long term effects of congenital heart disease?

Heart failure, endocarditis, arrhythmias and pulmonary hypertension are the most common long term complications of adults with CHD. Adults with CHD benefit from tertiary expert care and early recognition of long-term complications and timely management are essential.

How serious is congenital heart disease?

Critical congenital heart defects (also called critical CHDs or critical congenital heart disease) are the most serious congenital heart defects. Babies with critical CHDs need surgery or other treatment within the first year of life. Without treatment, critical CHDs can cause serious health problems and death.

What are the 4 stages of congestive heart failure?

There are four stages of heart failure (Stage A, B, C and D). The stages range from “high risk of developing heart failure” to “advanced heart failure,” and provide treatment plans.

How do you explain heart disease to a child?

“Say ‘we have cardiovascular disease in our family,’ and explain what that is. And really point out the fact that we can prevent these problems,” Dr. Johnson advises. “Talk to children about healthy eating and exercising.”