Question: What Is Communicable Diseases And Non Communicable Diseases?

What are the risk factors of non communicable disease?

Metabolic and behavioral risk factors are the most common causes of noncommunicable diseases.

The most important risk factors include smoking, blood pressure, unhealthy food diet, inactivity, overweight and obesity, hypercholestrolemia, diabetes and blood sugar and alcohol (1)..

What is a communicable disease definition?

“Communicable disease” means an illness caused by an infectious agent or its toxins that occurs through the direct or indirect transmission of the infectious agent or its products from an infected individual or via an animal, vector or the inanimate environment to a susceptible animal or human host.

What are 3 causes of non communicable diseases?

Referred to as a “lifestyle” disease, because the majority of these diseases are preventable illnesses, the most common causes for non-communicable diseases (NCD) include tobacco use (smoking), alcohol abuse, poor diets (high consumption of sugar, salt, saturated fats, and trans fatty acids) and physical inactivity.

What are the 4 main types of NCDs?

Noncommunicable – or chronic – diseases are diseases of long duration and generally slow progression. The four main types of noncommunicable diseases are cardiovascular diseases (like heart attacks and stroke), cancer, chronic respiratory diseases (such as chronic obstructed pulmonary disease and asthma) and diabetes.

What are the 10 communicable diseases?

List of Communicable Diseases2019-nCoV.CRE.Ebola.Enterovirus D68.Flu.Hantavirus.Hepatitis A.Hepatitis B.More items…

How do non communicable diseases affect the world?

Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are the leading causes of death and disability globally, killing more than three in five people worldwide and responsible for more than half of the global burden of disease. NCDs cause and perpetuate poverty while hindering economic development in low- and middle-income countries.

How many types of communicable disease are there?

Types and symptoms. Four main types of pathogens cause infection: Viruses, bacteria, fungi, and protists.

How is NCD disease prevented?

Reduce the major modifiable risk factors, such as tobacco use, harmful use of alcohol, unhealthy diets, and physical inactivity. Develop and implement effective legal frameworks. Orient health systems through people-centred health care and universal health coverage. Promote high-quality research and development.

How can NCD be prevented?

Tools by targetsTarget 1: Reduce mortality from NCDs.Target 2: Reduce harmful use of alcohol.Target 3: Reduce prevalence of physical inactivity.Target 4: Reduce salt intake.Target 5: Reduce tobacco use.Target 6: Reduce prevalence of raised blood pressure.Target 7: Halt the rise in diabetes and obesity.More items…

What are the most common communicable diseases?

Communicable diseasesInfluenza. Norovirus. Mumps. Tuberculosis.Pertussis. Zika virus. West Nile virus.Ebola. Chikungunya virus. Coronavirus (COVID-19)

What are the 10 non communicable diseases?

Alzheimer’s Disease.Cancer.Epilepsy.Osteoarthritis.Osteoporosis.Cerebrovascular Disease (Stroke)Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)Coronary Artery Disease.More items…

How are non communicable diseases spread?

A noncommunicable disease is a noninfectious health condition that cannot be spread from person to person. It also lasts for a long period of time. This is also known as a chronic disease. A combination of genetic, physiological, lifestyle, and environmental factors can cause these diseases.

What is non communicable diseases and their examples?

Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs), including heart disease, stroke, cancer, diabetes and chronic lung disease, are collectively responsible for almost 70% of all deaths worldwide.

What is another name for communicable diseases?

Note: The terms communicable disease and contagious disease are often used interchangeably.

How is communicable disease spread?

Communicable diseases are illnesses that spread from one person to another or from an animal to a person. Some of the ways they may spread are through: direct contact with a sick person. breathing in airborne viruses and bacteria.